Beach replenishment

ENTRY DATE: 19.04.2012 | LAST UPDATE: 19.04.2012


  • Coastal Regions
  • Improvement of structures


Applicable immediately

Technology Owners:

Consultants, construction firms

Needs Address

The need to conserve sandy beaches in regions that may be affected by damage from sea level rise due to climate change as well as from erosion, storm surges, waves and tsunamis.

Adaptation effects

This method offers protective features (reduces wave run-up and overtopping, and prevents erosion/wear of embankments and seawalls).

Overview and Features

This method supplies sand artificially to the coast line to replenish beaches.

[Static beach replenishment]
Aim is static stabilization of sandy beaches by reducing the amount of sand drift through the use of sand drift control structures. Methods include placement of wave-dissipating blocks (groynes or jetties) extending offshore at right angles to the coastline, or placement of wave-dissipating blocks parallel to the coastline (detached breakwaters), etc.


Detached breakwaters


[Dynamic beach enhancement]
Aims to stabilize beaches by permitting long-shore sand drift as a source of sand supply to down-current locations. Strategies to prevent beach erosion include beach replenishment by supplying sand in eroded areas down-current by depositing sand in up-current locations (Sand bypass method; see the figure below).


[Beach restoration using ecological mechanisms]
Sand production by transplantation and cultivation of coral and foraminifera


Costs vary significantly depending on the type and size of beach.

Ease of maintenance

Ease of maintenance vary significantly depending on the type and size of facility.

Technology performance

Technology performance vary significantly depending on the type and size of facility.


These strategies require access to experts with a high level of knowledge about coastal engineering. 
It is important to give technical consideration to the special characteristics of each coastline.
When considering how to improve the coastline, in implementation of these strategies, it is important to seek consensus with local communities and other stakeholders, as well as cooperation with other operations and administrators.

Co-benefit, suitability for developing countries

The strategies can contribute to conservation and protection of the natural environment, and to sustainable development. 
Potential environmental functions (seawater purification, resting spots for wildlife, etc.)
Human applications (recreation, fishing, etc.)

Information Resources

Public Works Research Center , “Manual for beach replenishment” 
JICA Technical Cooperation Project, " Project for Eco-technological management of Tuvalu against sea level rise " (in Japanese)