National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) Formulation Project
- Timor Leste
ENTRY DATE: 09.03.2012 | LAST UPDATE: 09.03.2012
BEST PRACTICE IN:
- Capacity Building
Description of Intervention
Timor Leste became party to the UN Convention on Land Degradation in August 2003. In 2006, the country received funding from GEF and Norwegian Government to develop its first national report on land degradation and develop its human resources capabilities to develop future national reports. The country acceded to the UN Convention on Biodiversity and Climate Change on 8 January, 2007. As such, it has not prepared any national communication/report under the UNFCCC and CBD. However, it will undertake some of these activities within the lifetime of the NAPA process and possible linkages and synergies with these activities will be identified.
Problems to be Addressed
Timor Leste is vulnerable to changes in climate, as evidenced by existing sensitivities to climate events (such as droughts and food shortages in the western highlands, and floods in Suai, Same, Ainaro and Manatuto districts). The impact of climate change on Timor Leste is likely to involve changes in the length and intensity of the rainy seasons, to changes in the number and intensity of storms and other climatic events (for example, floods, fires), to changes in the maximum and minimum temperatures and to sea level rises. Given that the country already experiences damaging droughts and floods, which result in decreased agricultural production, damage to infrastructure and loss of life, the most serious implication of climate change for Timor Leste is likely to be the increase in intensity and possibly frequency of extreme events in the future. A great concern is also the possible link between climate change and El Niño events, which may be more severe in the future as the Pacific shifts to a more El Niño-like pattern.
The projects aim to respond to the commitments of Timor Leste under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) through the identification of both vulnerabilities to climate change, and potential means to adapt to these. They furthermore aim to build Timor Leste’s institutional, scientific, technical, informational and human capacity to facilitate the country’s effective implementation of the Convention in a sustainable manner.
The main objective of this project is to develop a NAPA document for Timor Leste.
The specific objectives are:
• To set up an institutional structure for the preparation of the NAPA document;
• To conduct participatory assessment of vulnerability to current climate variability;
• To identify key climate change adaptation measures and develop proposals for priority activities to address the adverse effects of climate change;
• To prepare the NAPA document in the format established by the COP;
• To have the NAPA document endorsed by the national Parliament, Council of Ministers and the Prime Minister; and
• To disseminate the final NAPA document to the public.
How it fits into the EbA concept