Conservation and development of the Kien Giang Biosphere Reserve

  • Vietnam

ENTRY DATE: 09.03.2012 | LAST UPDATE: 09.03.2012

SCALE:

  • Sub-national Level

TARGET AREA:

  • Rural

BEST PRACTICE IN:

  • Capacity Building
  • Governance
  • Research and Development

KEY SECTOR:

  • Coastal Zone Management

FUNDING AMOUNT:

  • USD 1,000,001 - USD 5,000,000

Description of Intervention

• Assessment of flora and fauna biodiversity hotspots for protecting and monitoring endangered species and key functions of the Park''s ecosystems;
• Improve management of the protected areas, coastal forests, and the conservation of endangered species;
• Enhance capacity and technical knowledge of income-generating opportunities;
• Development and dissemination of awareness programme materials on the importance of biodiversity and protection of natural ecosystems; and
• Improve the management capacity of district and provincial administrations on fire and water management to increase the resilience of the ecosystems.

Problems to be Addressed

• The Mekong Delta and the Red River Delta have a very high population density. Most of these people live in low-lying areas and face particular risks from the rising sea level and the increased frequency and intensity of natural disasters, such as typhoons, storms and floods.
• The conversion of potential acid sulphate soils to actual acid sulphate soils (ASS) might occur. Once the soil dries out to the level of the potential ASS they will start producing a great deal of acid, affecting rice and aquaculture production.

Aims

Sustainable management of the natural resources of Kien Giang province and improved management of the protected areas

Objectives

• To produce inventories of animals and plants in the core zones of the two national parks and the coastal forests;
• To address poverty alleviation through developing improved and diversified livelihood opportunities especially for ethnic minorities and women;
• To improved collaboration between different stakeholders; and
• To train the staff of the national parks and the provincial department officers concerned with natural resource management

How it fits into the EbA concept

• Through multi-stakeholder collaboration, the project has established a coastal protection model in Hon Dat district with the use of new techniques for planting mangroves as well as sea dykes to withstand the strong currents in the area.
• The project also looks into improvement of people''s livelihoods in ways that protect the environment simultaneously. These include coconut production along the coastline, a shrimp and rice rotation system that allows the use of land saturated with saltwater, and the farming of previously endangered melaleuca forest fish species (e.g., sac ran).
• Maintaining endangered environments and their biodiversity such as melaleuca forests provides, instead of converting rice production, provides resilience against climate change.