Pro-Poor Adaptation to Climate Change in Urban Centers: Case Studies of Vulnerability and Resilience in Kenya and Nicaragua
The study was undertaken to understand what poor households, small businesses and communities are doing to cope with climate change impacts and to identify how policy and institutional systems can best build on local realities to develop pro-poor urban climate change adaptation actions, particularly relating to resilience. The study is conducted on two urban sites- Mombasa in Kenya and Esteli in Nicaragua. The methodology used has three components- an innovative new participatory climate change adaptation appraisal methodology (PCCAA), an urban level rapid risk and institutional appraisal (RRIA), and finally a consultation and validation process conducted with a range of key selected stakeholders from government, civil society and local communities. The study has found that urban vulnerability assessments and adaptation planning should include a component looking in detail at the current realities of climate change for urban poor. The study has also suggested more local participation in the adaptation process.
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