Ecosystem-based adaptation in the Pacific : An introduction to natural solutions for resilience to climate change


In the Pacific, natural solutions can help us adapt in many ways.
Steep slopes in our region are often stabilised by deep rooted vegetation. As rainfall is expected to be more intense in the future, this natural buffer protects communities from flooding and landslides and also ensures that reefs are healthy by reducing the impact of sediment flows from erosion.
Keeping forests intact, or replanting them, also provides a source of building materials, crops & firewood. Water catchments are also protected and in the sea, healthy reefs can then support greater fish populations. 
Having a healthy environment around us also secures our supply of freshwater, food and other natural resources. These are called ‘ecosystem services’ and are the added benefits that do not come when ‘hard’ engineered adaptation solutions are built.