Country Information

The Philippines is the third largest archipelagic country in the world, with 7,107 islands. The islands are categorized into three regions, namely Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

The Philippines is the third largest English speaking country in the world. It has a rich history combining Asian, European, and American influences.

Manila is the administrative capital of the Philippines. Today, it forms part of a cosmopolitan metropolis with a rich history and unique fusion of East and West, meshed with modern and traditional influences.

The Asian Development Bank is located at Ortigas Center Business District within Metro Manila. It is home to office and condominium skyscrapers, shopping malls, restaurants, and other leisure centers.

Filipinos are a fun-loving people. Throughout the islands, there are fiestas celebrated everyday and foreign guests are always welcome to their homes.


Filipino is the national language. English is the business language and is widely spoken.

English-Filipino Translations

  • Hello - Kamusta
  • How are you? – Kamusta ka?
  • Thank you – Salamat
  • Welcome – Walang anuman
  • Goodbye – Paalam

Time zone

Manila is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+8).

Business Hours

Private and government offices hold office either from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. or from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 a.m. on weekdays. Some private companies are open on Saturdays until 12:00 noon.

Currency Exchange and Credit Cards

The currency of Philippines is the Peso. As of 6 June 2018, the exchange rate is Php 52.32 = USD$ 1. Exchange counters and ATMs are available both at the airport, at most hotel lobbies, and at in-house banks at ADB Headquarters. International credit cards such as American Express, Master Card, and Visa are widely accepted in commercial establishments.


In October, the average temperature is between 31°C to 25°C.

The rainy season starts between May or June until September, and transitioning in October for the onset of North East Monsoon. Umbrellas and rain jackets are advised.

Electric Current

Electrical sockets in the Philippines are usually 220 volts AC, using type “A” electrical sockets. For other types of plugs, you may wish to bring an adaptor.

International Direct Dialing (IDD)

The Philippine country code is +63, and the area code for Manila is (+632) when calling a landline.

Emergency Numbers

Police: 117
National Emergency Hotline: 911