BEST PRACTICE IN:
Disaster Management and Relief Division (DMRD), Ministry of Food and Disaster Management (MoFDM) as the lead Ministry with 11 Sectoral Development Ministries
Ministry of Food and Disaster Management (MoFDM); other ministries, private sector and civil society organizations
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); Department for International Development (DFID), UK; European Union (EU); Norway; Swedish International Development Cooperation (Sida); Australian Government's Overseas Aid Program (AusAID); Government of Bangladesh (GoB)
CDMP Phase II aims to have a more holistic approach to reducing risks and vulnerabilities to adverse natural and manmade hazards and extreme events as well as climate change. It is a continuation of first phase, which laid the foundations for institutionalizing risk reduction approaches and frameworks through pilot testing. Following a multi-hazard approach to disasters, including climate change risk management, the project seeks to create and nurture this crucial paradigm shift in disaster management away from relief and rehabilitation, and to a more holistic approach to reducing risks and vulnerabilities.
Vulnerability and risks due to disasters
The overall goal of the project is to reduce the country's vulnerability to adverse natural and anthropogenic events, e.g. cyclones, hurricanes, floods, tidal surges, earthquakes, tsunamis, climate change and variability, avian flu, fire, toxic chemical/gas/pollutant leaks – through technical assistance in risk reduction and comprehensive disaster management activities.
To strengthen the national capacity disaster management system of Bangladesh to reduce risks and improve response and recovery activities, by adopting a comprehensive risk management culture.
The activities to be undertaken include:
• To strengthen institutions relevant for DRR;
• To reduce risks for Rural and Urban populations;
• To strengthen emergency preparedness and response;
• To mainstream DRR; and
• To address disaster risks at the community level.
The project aims at reducing the vulnerability of Bangladesh to natural hazards by a comprehensive disaster management approach. Thus, it fits into the CCA concept.
• It is necessary to sensitize the stakeholders for better understanding of climate change risks so that they can incorporate these into their respective domain of works.
• Adaptation to climate change requires location-specific technologies and measures suiting the local specific issues and needs.
• Few stakeholders and national and international NGOs are working in the area of Urban Risk Reduction and only few records or guidelines are available to start the urban community risk assessment.
• Policy instruments need to incorporate DRR/CCA to enable their effective inclusion into development planning. Some existing polices need to be revised and some documents need to be developed anew.
• Implementing outreach programmes to local politicians at grass-roots level to promote demand for risk reduction to be included in local level planning processes.
• Support the establishment of a DM curriculum and programmes in selected public and private universities, academies and their outreach research stations. Link this activity to the CRA and RRAP scale-up initiatives.