Community-led ecosystem-based adaptation, inner Gulf of Thailand

Community Level

Community-led ecosystem-based adaptation, inner Gulf of Thailand

LAST UPDATE

09 March 2012

TARGET AREA

Rural

BEST PRACTICE IN:

Project Implementation

KEY SECTOR:

Coastal Zone Management

FUNDING AMOUNT:

USD 100,001 - USD 500,000

IMPLEMENTATION PERIOD:

1993-2007
Organisation

Aquaculture farmers in Bang Khun Thien village

Partners

World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF); Local NGOs

Supporters / Donors

n/a

Description of Intervention

As opposed to national and provincial governments’ investment in concrete wall structures and sandbags, the local communities joined forces in a network to tackle the erosion problem by constructing bamboo fences/walls (based on traditional technology), supplemented by mangrove planting. One kilometer of bamboo costs US$250,000, compared to the US$ 1.1-1.4 million estimated costs for concrete and sandbag structures.

Problems to be Addressed

Human activities, such as dam construction and irrigation, and land subsidence resulting from excess groundwater extraction, have led to a decrease in sediment supply to the coast and consequent severe coastal erosion in the Gulf of Thailand. The impacts of coastal erosion have not only resulted in the loss of physical infrastructure and aquaculture and farmland, but have also increased the vulnerability of the villagers to storm surges and floods.

Aims

Protecting farms against coastal erosion and flooding

Objectives

n/a

How It Fits into the EbA Concept

Bamboo-made fence/walls and mangrove trees are used as natural infrastructure to reduce vulnerability to storm surges, rising sea levels and floods. This traditional technology using the available ecosystem services is an extremely cost-effective community-led adaptation method.

Results / Outputs

n/a

Lessons Learned

n/a

Upscaling / Outreach Activities

n/a

Contact Details

Mangroves for the Future (MFF)
Secretariat IUCN - Asia Regional Office
63 Sukhumvit Road Soi 39 (Soi Prompong)
Klongton-Nua, Wattanaม Bangkok 10110, Thailand
Tel: (+66) 2 662 4029-33
Fax: (+66) 2 662 4387-89
e-mail: asia@iucn.org
Website: http://www.iucn.org