Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change through Coastal Afforestation in Bangladesh
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The coastal communities of Bangladesh rely largely on climate sensitive natural resources like fisheries and forest. In a changing climate, the vulnerability will further increase due to issues like increased frequency of disasters and sea level rise.
This project is the first global LDCF adaptation project that links together adaptation and mitigation. It draws together climate change adaptation and economic development, through coastal afforestation to address mitigation concerns and decrease the impact of climate change.
The project aims at planting mangroves in the coastal areas of Bangladesh as a protective measure for future sea level rise. It also aims at improving and protecting the livelihood of coastal communities who rely on climate sensitive natural resources.
To reduce the vulnerability of coastal communities to the impacts of climate change induced risks and to strengthen the institutional mechanisms to support these communities to adapt to climate change impacts.
• Plantation of 14 km out of the 710 km long Bangladesh coastline; and
• Training local communities in plantation techniques and cash-for-work programmes.
The project resulted in plantation of mangroves along 14km of Bangladesh’s coastline. This is an adaptation response to the threat of increased sea level rise in future, hence fitting into the EbA/CCA concept.
• Livelihood diversification for over 85,000 people through training in plantation techniques and management and cash-for-work programmes;
• Climate change mitigation through increased carbon sink capacity of over 600,000 tons of carbon over project’s life;
• Increased siltation through mangrove plantations across 14km’s of pilot project sites improving natural protection against climate change-related storms, tidal surges and other disasters; and
• Piloting of global first knowledge for replication and up-scaling across Bangladesh, in the region and internationally.
In future, the project has the potential to be expanded and replicated across the Bangladesh coastline with a view to achieving transformational change in assisting vulnerable communities to adapt to the effects of climate change.
UNDP Country Office Bangladesh